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Facet syndrome is a specific type of osteoarthritis that develops in the facet joints located in the spine. These joints link the vertebrae and allow the spine to bend, twist and perform other movements. This condition most commonly develops in the cervical (upper) and in the lumbar (lower) spinal regions, but it can also develop in the thoracic (middle) spine as well.
As with many other joints in the body, the facet joints have a smooth, connective tissue known as cartilage that coats the ends of the bones. This cartilage can wear down over time resulting in adjacent bones potentially rubbing together instead of gliding smoothly against each other, creating inflammation within the joint and resulting in pain, stiffness and loss of mobility in the neck or back.
Sometimes, as the bones grind against each other, the body can create bone spurs (osteophytes) in response. These bone spurs can be asymptomatic, but they can also grow large enough to compress or irritate the nerve roots or spinal cord near the facet joints. If this happens, several additional symptoms in the extremities, such as radiating pain, tingling, numbness and muscle weakness, can develop as a result.
Like all cases of osteoarthritis, facet syndrome is most attributed to natural age-related degeneration. Because the facet joints sustain a significant amount of wear and tear throughout a person’s life, many people experience at least a mild degree of facet joint degeneration by the time they enter their 50s. This may not always be symptomatic, but it can also become progressively worse with time.
Sometimes, traumatic injuries can also accelerate degeneration in the facet joints. These can result from vehicle crashes, falls and sports activities.
Very often, symptoms associated with facet syndrome can be managed using conservative treatment methods such as pain medication, lifestyle changes, exercise and corticosteroid injections. However, if chronic symptoms persist after several weeks or months of conservative treatment, surgery may be suggested. If you’ve attempted a full course of conservative therapies but haven’t found relief for your facet joint pain, contact Laser Spine Institute today. Our caring and dedicated team can help you learn how our minimally invasive outpatient spine surgery is a safer and effective facet syndrome treatment compared to traditional open neck or back procedures.^
We can perform a free MRI review* to determine if you are a potential candidate for one of our procedures.
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