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What is Coccydynia?
Inflammation of the tailbone (coccyx or bony area located deep between the buttocks above the anus is referred to as coccydynia. Coccydynia is associated with pain and tenderness at the tip of the tailbone between the buttocks. Sitting often worsens coccyx pain.
What are the symptoms of Coccydynia ?
Like other forms of damaging spinal disc change, collapsed discs produce symptoms that vary according to their location in your spinal column.
Collapsed Disc Pain
Pain is a typical occurrence in people affected by a collapsed disc. Whether such a disc appears in your cervical spine (neck), thoracic spine (upper and mid-back) or lumbar spine (lower back), neck pain or back pain can appear locally near the site of the damage in your spinal column. It can also appear at any point on the route traveled by your injured nerve. For example, a collapsed disc in your cervical spine can trigger pain anywhere from your neck to your fingertips. Similarly, a disc collapse in your lumbar spine can trigger pain anywhere from your lower back to the soles of your feet. In addition to causing pain by pushing against nearby nerve roots or your spinal cord, a collapse can trigger pain within the disc itself; doctors refer to this localized pain as discogenic pain.
Altered Sensations from a Collapsed Disc
When they’re put under abnormal pressure, your nerves typically transmit altered sensations back to your brain. Common examples of these sensations include a tingling or “pins-and-needles” feeling, a burning feeling, a partial loss of feeling or even a complete loss of feeling. Altered function can also result in reduced vitality in the muscle(s) linked to your damaged nerve or unusual problems with muscle spasming or muscle cramping. Like pain, all of these collapsed disc symptoms appear in parts of the body associated with the affected portion of your spinal column. Pain and altered nerve sensations commonly appear together.
Additional Symptoms and Factors of Collapsed Discs
If a collapsed disc presses against your spinal cord, you can develop severe symptoms that include disrupted bladder or bowel function and leg paralysis. A collapsed disc in your lumbar spine can produce similar severe problems if it presses against a nerve root cluster called the cauda equina. Certain positional changes can potentially make your symptoms worse or better. For example, you may feel worsening pain if you sit down, bend your back, twist your back or make lifting motions. Conversely, your pain levels may fall off if you go for a walk, lie down or stand up.
How is Coccydynia diagnosed?
Tenderness and Pain in the Tailbone Area. The main symptom of coccydynia, tenderness and pain, occurs just above the buttocks. …
Pain While Using the Bathroom. …
Pain while Sitting. …
Pain while Moving. …
Pain during Sexual Intercourse. …
Difficulty Sleeping. …
Pain and Bruising are Other Coccydynia Symptoms.
What are the causes of Coccydynia?
You get coccydynia when your coccyx (tailbone), or the surrounding tissue, is damaged. This causes pain and discomfort at the base of your spine, particularly when sitting down.
The coccyx can be damaged in various ways, although in many cases it’s not possible to identify a cause.
What is the treatment like for Coccydynia?
Treatment usually consists of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) — such as ibuprofen and naproxen — to reduce inflammation (swelling), and the use of a therapeutic sitting cushion to take the pressure off the tailbone when sitting.
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